computers networks tutorials

Difference Between IPv4 & IPv6 :

SCOPE

IPv4

IPv6

Created By IETF (IANA) IETF(ICANN)
Size 32 bits 128 bits
Type Dotted Decimal Hexa Decimal
Parts 4 Equal Parts 8 Equal Parts
Name of a part Octet Field/Block
Total Numbers 4.3 billion (approx) Uncountable

Ways to configure IP Address in a device :

  1. Static
  2. Dynamic

Static IP :- When we manually configure IP address in a device then the method is known as static IP configuration.

Dynamic IP :- When we need a protocol like DHCP to configure IP address in a device it is called dynamic IP.

Classes Of IPv4 :

In ipv4 the first opted of address has been divided into five categories according to the use of network, these are known as classes of ipv4.

Class

Range

Use

A 0-127 (1-126 valid) Unicasting/Broadcasting
B 128-191 Unicasting/Broadcasting
C 192-223 Unicasting/Broadcasting
D 224-239 Multicasting
E 240-255 Research & Development