Cyber Crime is an evil having its origin in the growing dependence on computers in modem life.
A simple yet sturdy definition of cyber crime would be “unlawful acts wherein the computer is either & tool or & target or both”.
Types of Cyber Crime:
Cyber Crime refers to all activities done with criminal intent in cyberspace. These fall into three slots:
- Those against persons.
- Against Business and Non-business organizations.
- Crimes targetting the government.
Let us examine the acts wherein the computer becomes a tool for an unlawful act. This kind of activity usually involves a modification of a conventional crime by using a computer. Some examples are:
- Financial Claims: This would include cheating, credit card frauds, money laundering, etc.
- Cyber Pornography: This would include pornographic websites; pornographic magazines produced using computers and the internet (to download and transmit pornographic pictures, photos, writings, etc.)
- Sale of Illegal Articles: This would include the sale of narcotics, weapons, Wildlife, etc. by posting information on websites, bulletin boards or simply by using e-mail communications.
- Online Gambling: There are millions of websites, all hosted on servers abroad, that offer online gambling. In fact, it is believed that many of these websites are actually fronts for money laundering.
- Forgery: Counterfeit currency notes, postage and revenue stamps, mark-sheets, etc. can be forged using sophisticated computers, printers and scanners.
- Cyber Defamation: This occurs when defamation takes place with the help of computers and/or the internet, e.g. someone publishes defamatory matter about someone on a website or sends an e-mail containing defamatory information to all of that person’s friends/associates.
- Cyber Stalking: Cyberstalking involves following a person’s movements across the internet by posting messages on the bulletin boards frequented by the victim and entering the chat-rooms frequented by the victim.