Cyber Crime is an evil having its origin in the growing dependence on computers in modem life.

A simple yet sturdy definition of cyber crime would be “unlawful acts wherein the computer is either & tool or & target or both”.

Types of Cyber Crime:

Cyber Crime refers to all activities done with criminal intent in cyberspace. These fall into three slots:

  1. Those against persons.
  2. Against Business and Non-business organizations.
  3. Crimes targetting the government.

Let us examine the acts wherein the computer becomes a tool for an unlawful act. This kind of activity usually involves a modification of a conventional crime by using a computer. Some examples are:

  1. Financial Claims: This would include cheating, credit card frauds, money laundering, etc.
  2. Cyber Pornography: This would include pornographic websites; pornographic magazines produced using computers and the internet (to download and transmit pornographic pictures, photos, writings, etc.)
  3. Sale of Illegal Articles: This would include the sale of narcotics, weapons, Wildlife, etc. by posting information on websites, bulletin boards or simply by using e-mail communications.
  4. Online Gambling: There are millions of websites, all hosted on servers abroad, that offer online gambling. In fact, it is believed that many of these websites are actually fronts for money laundering.
  5. Forgery: Counterfeit currency notes, postage and revenue stamps, mark-sheets, etc. can be forged using sophisticated computers, printers and scanners.
  6. Cyber Defamation: This occurs when defamation takes place with the help of computers and/or the internet, e.g. someone publishes defamatory matter about someone on a website or sends an e-mail containing defamatory information to all of that person’s friends/associates.
  7. Cyber Stalking: Cyberstalking involves following a person’s movements across the internet by posting messages on the bulletin boards frequented by the victim and entering the chat-rooms frequented by the victim.